Published On: Nov 14 2012 11:14:13 AM CSTUpdated On: Nov 15 2016 01:00:00 AM CST
2011: The New York Police Department clears Occupy Wall Street protesters from Zucotti Park, the privately owned public space they had occupied since Sept. 17, 2011, to stage their protest, due to its purportedly unsanitary and hazardous conditions. The police arrested some 200 people in the process. After several unsuccessful attempts to re-occupy the original location, protesters would instead turn their focus to occupying banks, corporate headquarters, board meetings, college and university campuses.
2007: Cyclone Sidr makes landfall in Bangladesh, killing at least 5,000 people, causing $1.7 billion in damage and destroying the world's largest mangrove forest, Sunderban.
1998: Civil rights activist Stokely Carmichael (at center in profile), who rose to prominence in the 1960s first as a leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and later as the "Honorary Prime Minister" of the Black Panther Party, dies of prostate cancer at the age of 57 in Conakry, Guinea.
1996: Lawyer, diplomat and author Alger Hiss dies of emphysema at age 92 in New York City. The former U.S. State Department official was convicted in January 1950 of perjury in connection with accusations of being a Soviet spy in 1948. Hiss was also involved in the establishment of the United Nations both as a U.S. State Department and U.N. official.
1991: Actress Shailene Woodley, known for her roles on the TV series "The Secret Life of the American Teenager" and in movies such as "The Descendants," "Divergent" and "The Fault in Our Stars," is born in Simi Valley, California.
1988: While in exile in Algiers, the Palestine Liberation Organization's National Council approves the Palestinian Declaration of Independence, establishing an independent State of Palestine defined by pre-1967 Palestinian territories boundaries with Jerusalem as its capital. Despite the territory claimed by the PLO being under Israeli control, 75 states had recognized Palestine by mid-December, rising to 89 states by February 1989.
1979: A package from the Unabomber, who later would be identified as Ted Kaczynski, begins smoking in the cargo hold of a flight from Chicago to Washington, D.C., forcing the plane to make an emergency landing. Twelve passengers had to be treated afterward for smoke inhalation. It was later determined that the bomb was powerful enough to have destroyed the aircraft, but a faulty timer stopped it from working correctly. Although the attack was not Kaczynski's first, since an airliner bombing is a federal crime it was the first to bring the Unabomber to the FBI's attention.
1974: Singer Chad Kroeger, the lead singer of the rock band Nickelback, is born in Hanna, Canada.
1971: Intel announces the world's first commercial single-chip microprocessor, the 4004, in an advertisement in the magazine Electronic News.
1969: In Columbus, Ohio, Dave Thomas opens the first Wendy's restaurant, naming it after his fourth child, Melinda Lou "Wendy" Thomas. Within a year he had opened a second Wendy's restaurant in Columbus. Today, it is the world's third largest hamburger fast food chain with approximately 6,650 locations, trailing only McDonald's and Burger King.
1968: Rapper Ol' Dirty Bastard, a founding member of the rap group Wu-Tang Clan, is born under the birth name Russell Tyrone Jones in Brooklyn, New York. He died on Nov. 13, 2004, of a drug overdose, two days before his 36th birthday.
1966: Gemini 12 completes the program's final mission when it splashes down safely in the Atlantic Ocean. Astronauts Jim Lovell and Buzz Aldrin are seen here aboard the aircraft carrier USS Wasp after the splash down.
1959: Four members of the Herbert Clutter family are murdered at their farm outside Holcomb, Kansas (pictured). The quadruple murder would inspire Truman Capote to travel to Kansas and write about the crime even before any suspects were arrested. The killers, Richard "Dick" Hickock and Perry Smith, would be arrested six weeks after the murders, and Capote ultimately spent six years working on what would become the book "In Cold Blood." The book is regarded by critics as a pioneering work of the true crime genre.
1958: Actor Tyrone Power, known for swashbuckler roles or romantic leads in movies such as "The Mark of Zorro," "Blood and Sand," "The Black Swan" and "The Black Rose," dies of a heart attack at the age of 44 in Madrid, Spain.
1956: Elvis Presley makes his acting debut in the western "Love Me Tender." The movie premiered at the Paramount Theater in New York City and went into wide release a week later, grossing $540,000 in its first week to debut at No. 2 at the box office, behind only James Dean's posthumous release "Giant." Despite being released late in the year, it still would finish 1956 as the 23rd highest grossing movie of the year.
1954: Actor Lionel Barrymore, who won an Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance in 1931's "A Free Soul" and was best known for the role of the villainous Mister Potter in Frank Capra's 1946 film "It's a Wonderful Life," dies of a heart attack at the age of 76 in Van Nuys, California. Barrymore, a member of the theatrical Barrymore family and the grand-uncle of actress Drew Barrymore, also directed films, earning an Oscar nomination for 1929's "Madame X."
1952: Professional wrestler Randy "Macho Man" Savage, who held 20 championships, including six world titles between the WWF and WCW, during a career that lasted more than three decades, is born Randy Mario Poffo in Columbus, Ohio. Savage died of cardiac arrhythmia at age 58 while driving with his second wife Barbara Lynn Payne, in Seminole, Florida, on the morning of May 20, 2011.
1951: Actress Beverly D'Angelo, best known for her roles in "National Lampoon's Vacation," "Coal Miner's Daughter" and "Entourage," is born in Columbus, Ohio.
1949: Following a year-long trial, Nathuram Godse (pictured) and his co-conspirator Narayan Apte are executed for their roles in the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi. Godse, a Hindu nationalist activist who resented what he considered was Gandhi's partiality to India's Muslims, shot Gandhi in the chest three times at point blank range on Jan. 30, 1948, in New Delhi, India. The death sentence was opposed by India's prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru and by Gandhi's two sons on the grounds that it would dishonor the legacy of a man opposed to all forms of violence.
1942: During World War II, the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal between Japanese and American forces in the Solomon Islands, east of Papua New Guinea, ends in a decisive Allied victory. The battle secured an airfield on the island of Guadalcanal that had been the focus of fighting since Allied forces took it over in August. Here one of four Japanese transports, Kinugawa Maru, beached and destroyed at Guadalcanal is seen a year after the battle.
1940: Actor Sam Waterston, best known for the TV series "Law & Order" and his Oscar-nominated role in 1984's "The Killing Fields," is born in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1939: In Washington, D.C., President Franklin D. Roosevelt lays the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial. Construction on the memorial to former President Thomas Jefferson was completed in 1943, with a bronze statue of Jefferson added in 1947.
1939: The Social Security Administration approves the first unemployment check.
1932: Singer Petula Clark, best known for her 1960s upbeat pop hits, including the Grammy-winning songs "Downtown" and "I Know a Place," is born in Epsom, Surrey, England.
1929: Actor Ed Asner, best known for his Emmy Award-winning role as Lou Grant on both the TV sitcom "The Mary Tyler Moore Show" and its spin-off series, "Lou Grant," is born in Kansas City, Missouri. Asner is also known for his roles in the TV miniseries "Roots" and "Rich Man, Poor Man," and for voicing the role of Carl Fredricksen in Pixar's award-winning animated 2009 film "Up."
1920: The first general assembly of the League of Nations is held in Geneva, Switzerland. The league, which was founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended World War I, was the first international organization whose principal mission was to maintain world peace.
1919: Judge Joseph Wapner, who would find fame as a celebrity TV judge on "The People's Court" from 1981 to 1993, is born in Los Angeles.
1905: Composer Annunzio Paolo Mantovani, better known by just his last name, is born in Venice, Italy. The light orchestra-styled entertainer would prove to be one of England's most successful album acts prior to The Beatles, becoming the first British act to sell more than one million stereo albums. In 1959, he had six albums simultaneously in the U.S. Top 30. He died at age 74 on March 29, 1980.
1891: Erwin Rommel, who would go become a highly decorated German officer in World War I and a German Field Marshal of World War II, is born in Heidenheim in the Kingdom of Württemberg (then part of the German Empire). Rommel's leadership of German and Italian forces in World War II's North African campaign earned him the nickname Desert Fox. He would also later commanded the German forces opposing the Allied cross-channel invasion in Normandy.
1887: Painter Georgia O'Keeffe, best known for her large-format paintings of enlarged blossoms and New Mexico landscapes, is born near Sun Prairie, Wisconsin. O'Keefe, seen here in a 1918 photograph by Alfred Stieglitz, died at the age of 98 on March 6, 1986.
1882: Felix Frankfurter, who would go on to become a U.S. Supreme Court justice from 1939 to 1962, is born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary. The Harvard Law School grad, who was a noted advocate of judicial restraint in the judgments of the Supreme Court, also helped found the American Civil Liberties Union.
1864: The day after his army burned most of Atlanta, Georgia, to the ground, Union Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman starts Sherman's March to the Sea. The march ended with the capture of the port of Savannah on Dec. 21, inflicting significant damage, particularly to the Confederacy's industry and infrastructure, and also to civilian property, along the way and hastened the end of the American Civil War.
1859: The first modern revival of the Olympic Games takes place in Athens, Greece. The games, the brainchild of Greek businessman Evangelos Zappas, saw athletes compete in a variety of events, including running, discus, javelin throwing, wrestling, jumping and pole climbing. The "Zappas Olympics" would be held again in 1870 and 1875, helping inspire the 1896 Summer Olympics, the first to come under the auspices of the International Olympic Committee and officially known as the Games of the I Olympiad. Pictured is a ticket from the 1859 Zappas Olympics.
1806: During his expedition to explore and document the southern portion of the Louisiana Purchase, Lt. Zebulon Pike spies a distant mountain peak while near the Colorado foothills of the Rocky Mountains that he calls "Grand Peak." Pike tried to climb the peak, hoping to get a view of the surrounding area to record on maps, but the party was ill equipped to scale the 14,000-foot summit in the snow. The mountain would later be named Pikes Peak in his honor.
1777: After 16 months of debate, the Continental Congress approves the Articles of Confederation, a precursor to the U.S. Constitution.
1630: German astronomer and mathematician Johannes Kepler, a key figure in the 17th century scientific revolution best known for his laws of planetary motion, dies at the age of 58 in what is now Regensburg, Germany.
1492: Christopher Columbus notes in his journal the use of tobacco among Indians -- the first recorded reference to tobacco.
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